Biomass, a renewable energy source is biological material from living organisms such as wood, biowaste, (hydrogen) gas, and alcohol fuels. Biomass is commonly plant matter grown to generate electricity or produce heat at low costs. The unit cost of electricity generated from Biomass-based power plants is much cheaper. Living biomass energy generate electricity while still alive. Biomass may also include biodegradable wastes that can be burnt as fuel. It excludes such organic materials as fossil fuels, which have been transformed by geological processes into substances such as coal or petroleum.

Industrial biomass can be grown from numerous types of plants, including miscanthus, switchgrass, hemp, corn, poplar, willow, sorghum, sugarcane, Sunflower, and a variety of tree species, ranging from eucalyptus to oil palm (palm oil). The particular plant used is usually not important to the end products, but it does affect the processing of the raw material.

Biomass is carbon, hydrogen and oxygen based. Nitrogen and small quantities of other atoms, including alkali, alkaline earth and heavy metals can be found as well. Metals are often found in functional molecules such as the porphyrins which include chlorophyll which contains magnesium. The largest source of energy from wood is pulping liquor or “black liquor,” a waste product from processes of the pulp, paper and paperboard industry. Waste energy is the second-largest source of biomass energy. The main contributors of waste energy are municipal solid waste (MSW), manufacturing waste, and landfill gas. Biomass alcohol fuel, or ethanol, is derived primarily from sugarcane and corn. It can be used directly as a fuel or as an additive to gasoline.

Biomass Energy Applications

  • Biomass Power plant for Electricity Generation using biomass heating equipment
  • Biomass Fuels (Hydrogen, biodiesel, pgasoline) generation using Biomass Gasification
  • Biomass heating systems to use biomass as thermal energy
  • Bioconversion of biomass into fuels, power, heat, and value-added chemicals by using Biorefinary biomass conversion processes and equipment

Biomass for Power Generation

  • Biogas anaerobic digestion: Power generation using scrubbed methane gas
  • Generation of electricity using Organic plant based Crude Palm Oil – CPO
  • Power generation by combustion of pyrolysis oil using Biomass Liquefaction
  • Generation of electricity through heat & steam of direct Biomass combustion