Instant recharge of batteries turns the portable electronics industry towards a complete electric world. Researchers at University of Illinois invented a new nanostructured battery electrode that charges laptops in few minutes, and cell phones in few seconds. If this new battery is commercialized, it can be used as quick charging electric vehicle (EV) battery for electric cars and other electric vehicles.

Researchers in materials science and engineering at the University of Illinois, invented a new way of making battery electrodes based on nanostructured metal foams has been used to make a lithium-ion battery that can be 90 percent charged in two minutes. If the method can be commercialized, it could lead to laptops that charge in a few minutes or cell phones that charge in 30 seconds.

The methods used to make the ultrafast-charging electrodes are compatible with a range of battery chemistries; the researchers have also used them to make nickel-metal-hydride batteries, the kind commonly used in hybrid and electric vehicles. How fast a battery can charge up and then release that power is primarily limited by the movement of electrons and ions into and out of the cathode, the electrode that is negative during recharging. Researchers have been trying to use nanostructured materials to improve the process, but there’s usually a trade-off between total energy storage capacity (which determines how long a battery can run before needing a recharge) and charge rates.

Now electric vehicle (EV) industry is struggling with the EV batteries and their charging methods. Electric car makers are looking for high energy density batteries with quick charging cycles. If these ultrafast charging Lithium-ion batteries come into the market after commercialization, the electric vehicle industry and portable computer industry will be skyrocketed.